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General Process to Establish an Acquisition and Cross-Servicing Agreement (ACSA)

Updated: Dec 9, 2021

DOD uses ACSAs to exchange logistic support, supplies, and services with foreign partners in return for cash or in-kind reimbursement. Partner country eligibility determinations are not required for governments of NATO countries, subsidiary bodies of NATO, and the United Nations Organization or any regional international organizations. Processes for ACSA negotiation, conclusion, and entry into force generally proceed similarly for both NATO and non-NATO ACSA partners once non-NATO countries are determined to be eligible for an agreement. The National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) for Fiscal Year 2020 was enacted on December 20, 2019, and Section 1203 added a new notification requirement to 10 U.S.C. §2342, prohibiting the Secretary of Defense from entering into an ACSA with a country that is not a member of NATO unless the Secretary submits to the appropriate committees of Congress a notice of intent to enter into such an agreement not less than 30 days before the date on which the Secretary enters into the agreement. See Pub. L. No. 116-92, §1203 (Dec. 20, 2019). We conducted our analysis prior to the passage of the NDAA for Fiscal Year 2020; therefore, we did not include the new requirement in this figure.

Credits: GAO

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